Baha'i faith, is a religion founded in Iran in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri, who is known as Baha' Ullah (Arabic: "Glory of God"). 3. Baha'u'llah encouraged Baha'is to cooperate with their governments and engage with the followers of all religions in a spirit of fellowship. The Baha'i Faith is a religion that originated in Iran in 1863. The religion is estimated to have over five million adherents, known as Baháʼís, spread throughout most of the world's countries and territories. All national spiritual assemblies of the world periodically constitute themselves an international convention and elect a supreme governing body known as the Universal House of Justice. He stated that the time had come for the people of the world to put aside their differences and to unite on the basis of the teachings that he had brought. Muslims have called this promised deliverer the Mahdi (the guided one) and Qaim (He Who Will Arise). There had been four Bábs up to 941CE but the last Báb had died without naming a successor. Zoroastrians (the Parsis), largely concentrated in Mumbai and in coastal Gujarat, wield influence out of all proportion to their small numbers because of…, Among these, members of the Bahāʾī faith—a religion founded in Iran—were the victims of the greatest persecution. The shrines where the Bab and Baha'ullah lie buried are today the focal points of an imposing co… The cornerstone of Baha'i belief is the conviction that Baha' Ullah and his forerunner, who was known as the Bab, were manifestations of God, who in his essence is unknowable. The Bāb was arrested and, after several years of incarceration, was executed in 1850. The Bahá’í Faith and French Canada Between 1897 and 1963, fewer than fifteen French Canadians were known to have joined the Bahá’í Faith. He claimed his authority came from special relationships with the Imams and he attributed his visionary experiences to them. One of the Bāb’s earliest disciples and strongest exponents was Mīrzā Ḥosayn ʿAlī Nūrī, who had assumed the name Bahāʾ Allāh when he renounced his social standing and joined the Bābīs. Baha'u'llah’s followers disseminated his teachings in the Middle East and beyond. Shoghi Effendi also created or expanded the Bahá'í shrines and gardens in Israel. An overwhelming majority of Bābīs acknowledged his claim and thenceforth became known as Bahāʾīs. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. The Baha'i Faith began in 1844 in Persia (now Iran), with the announcement of the new age by Baha'ullah's forerunner, known as the Bab ("The Door"). Its roots started with a young Persian merchant named Siyyid ‘Ali-Muhammad, who took the name “Bab,” which in Arabic means “Gate” or “Door.” On May 23rd, 1844, he announced that he was the bearer of a Divine … The Bahāʾī religion originally grew out of the Bābī faith, or sect, which was founded in 1844 by Mīrzā ʿAlī Moḥammad of Shīrāz in Iran. The Bahá’í Faith traces its origin to 1844 and the announcement by a young man, Siyyid ‘Alí-Muhammad, in Shiraz, Persia (now Iran), that He had been sent by God to prepare humanity for a new age and the imminent appearance of another Messenger even greater than Himself. Bahāʾīs believe that all the founders of the world’s great religions have been manifestations of God and agents of a progressive divine plan for the education of the human race. There are no initiation ceremonies, no sacraments, and no clergy. The religion officially formed in 1863, but a Shiite Muslim man in Iran began paving the way in 1844 by announcing a new prophet was to come – after Muhammad. Baha’is believe that Baha’ Allah and his forerunner, the Bab, were manifestations of God. It grew out of the Shi’ite branch of the Muslim faith. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mulla Husayn and his brother and nephew travelled to Shiraz in search of the Promised One. Today, the distinctive unity of the Faith They founded stems from explicit instructions given by Bahá’u’lláh that have assured the continuity of guidance following His passing. The Bahá'í faith is one of the youngest of the world's major religions. The Bahá’í Faith began with the mission entrusted by God to two Divine Messengers—the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh. He converted to the Baháʼí Faith at the age of 30 and 18 years later converted back to Islam, and authored a number of books on different subjects such as literature, history, poetry, Quran and Arabic. They were believed to be infallible. He died in 1892. Bahá’u’lláh, the latest of these Messengers, explained that the religions of the world come from the same Source and are in essence successive chapters of one religion from God. The Baha’i Faith is a global faith community, established in virtually every country in the world. Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí was the only man believed to have understood the teachings of Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsai and he remained in Karbila to continue his teaching after Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsai's death in 1826. The faith has no priesthood and does not observe ritual forms in its worship. Updates? He said that a messenger would soon arrive from God, who would be the latest in a line of prophets including Moses, Muhammad and Jesus Christ. MAJOR EVENTS IN BÁBÍ AND BAHA'I HISTORY. Bahá'u'lláh was succeeded by Abdu'l-Bahá, who spent much time from 1908 spreading Bahá'í teachings around the world and the faith soon had significant (though small) communities in Europe and North America. Six documents from Baha'i World 18 part four section 2: The Hands of the Cause of God and their functions, their work and travels 1979-1983, Boards of Counsellors and the International Teaching Centre, and tributes by Lilian Ala'i and Ray Hudson. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. 1 From that beginning in 1844, the Bahá'í Faith has evolved into newest of the world's main religions. The governance of the Bahāʾī community begins on the local level with the election of a local spiritual assembly. The Bahá'í Faith is an Abrahamic religion started in the 1800s by an Iranian person called Bahá'u'lláh who was born in Tehran, Iran.Followers of this religion call themselves Bahá'ís.The name Bahá'u'lláh is Arabic for "The Glory of God". The principal Baha’i tenets are the essential unity of all religions and the unity of humanity. He appointed his eldest grandson, Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī (1897–1957), his successor. Photographs related to the lives of the Central Figures of the Bahá’í Faith: the Báb, Bahá’u’lláh, and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá; selected images of individuals of historical significance to the Bahá’í Faith; and photos associated with the persecution of the Bahá’ís in Iran His son and successor, Abdu'l-Baha, traveled to Europe and the United States to spread the faith. It was widely believed that God would appoint a successor who would restore this channel of communication. Those practicing the Bahāʾī faith, formerly too few to be treated by the census, have dramatically increased in number as a result of active proselytization. The Bahāʾi Faith underwent a rapid expansion beginning in the 1960s, and by the early 21st century it had more than 180 national spiritual assemblies (national governing bodies) and several thousand local spiritual assemblies. THE BAHA'I FAITH . He also developed Bahá'í ideas of social reform and international justice and expounded Bahá'í beliefs through a series of letters. All of this has helped Algoma University evolve as a centre of cultural and international exchange. Its founder, Bahá’u’lláh (1817-1892), is regarded by Bahá’ís as the most recent in the line of Messengers of God that stretches back beyond recorded time and that includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Krishna, Zoroaster, Christ, and Muhammad. Established by Baháʼu'lláh in the 19th century, it initially developed in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. He was also a brilliant scholar. A major doctrine of "Twelver" Shi'ite Islam is the expected return of the 12th imam (successor of Muhammad), who will renew religion and guide the faithful. The Bahá'í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. The seat of the Universal House of Justice, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel. 14 Books About the Baha’i Faith and Christianity. In the temples there is no preaching; services consist of recitation of the scriptures of all religions. After Islamic fundamentalists came to power in Iran in 1979, the 300,000 Bahāʾīs there were persecuted by the government. Baha’i Religion origin: The Bahá’í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. History. ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ actively administered the movement’s affairs and spread the faith to North America, Europe, and other continents. Throughout his disappearance, the 12th Imam was believed to have communicated with the outside world through a series of deputies who took the title 'gate' - or Báb. Despite the persecution, the Baha'i faith has attracted millions of adherents around the globe for its ability to transcend nationalism, racism and the like. She produced several well-known books and hosted `Abdu'l-Bahá during both His visits to London in 1912 and 1913. The feasts are designed to ensure universal participation in the affairs of the community and the cultivation of the spirit of brotherhood and fellowship. She was a prominent early member of the Baha'i Faith in London at the beginning of the twentieth century. Shaykh Ahmad's teachings were both controversial and complicated, but they emphasised the mystical dimension of faith. The seat of the Universal House of Justice is in Haifa, Israel, in the immediate vicinity of the shrines of the Bāb and ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ and near the Shrine of Bahāʾ Allāh at Bahjī, near ʿAkko. Baha'i Faith. He was known among Baha'i circles as Avarih. The writings and spoken words of the Bāb, Bahāʾ Allāh, and ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ form the sacred literature of the Bahāʾī Faith. Baha’i Faith, religion founded in Iraq in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hosayn ‘Ali Nuri, who is known as Baha’ Allah. The faith was proclaimed by a young Iranian, who called himself The Báb. `Abdu'l-Bahá also wrote a lot of letters and gave talks, and event… The Báb and his followers were persecuted by the Muslim hierarchy and the Báb was eventually executed because his teachings contradicted a central point of Islamic faith - that Muhammad was the final prophet. The majority of Muslims in Persia at this time were Shi'a Muslims (as opposed to those of the Sunni tradition). Though new, these beliefs originated in Twelver Shiʿi Islam, which asserts a belief in the forthcoming return of the 12th imam (successor of Muhammad), who will renew religion and guide the faithful. The electoral process excludes parties or factions, nominations, and campaigning for office. After Shoghi Effendi's death in 1957, the leadership of the faith passed to a group of believers rather than an individual and now rests with the Universal House of Justice. About 5 million people worldwide adhere to the Baha’i faith, according to Patheos.com, but other sourcessay there are as many as 7 million around the world. Although the finality of Muhammad's revelation is universally accepted by Muslims, some Bahá'i scholars suggest that this belief is based on a particular interpretation of Qur'anic verses and that a different interpretation is possible. A map showing the origins of the Baha'i Faith via the journeys and exile of The Báb and Bahá'u'lláh. In 1852, one of the Báb's persecuted followers had a revelation in prison that he was the prophet that the Báb had proclaimed. This angered the Shiite government, and the Báb was … The Jewish population, which had been significant before 1979, emigrated in great numbers after the revolution.…, The Bahāʾī faith won a considerable number of converts in North America during the early 20th century.…. Bahá'u'lláh had written that `Abdu'l-Bahá had special powers, and that God would make sure that if `Abdu'l-Bahá explained anything that Bahá'u'lláh said, then the Bahá'ís should believe that explanation. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Bahá'u'lláh was the founder of the Bahá'í faith. overview The Baha'i faith was founded in the mid-19th century C.E. It was founded by Baha'u'llah in Iran in the 19th century. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Large-scale persecutions of his adherents, the Bābīs, followed. It grew out of the Shi'ite branch of the Muslim faith. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Bahai-Faith, The British Library - An introduction to the Baha’i Faith, Bahaʾi Faith - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bahaʾi faith - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Bab (1819‒50) and several thousand early Persian followers, regarded by the Muslim clergy as heretics, were persecuted and killed. This idea of progressive revelation is of central significance for the Bahá'í faith. The year begins on the first day of spring, March 21, which is one of several holy days in the Bahāʾī calendar. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. He also wrote a number of polemic works against the Baháʼí Faith. (The original version is on Parliament's site.) The history of Bahá'í explained in its historical, geographic and religious context. Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, the Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith records in his book that the Bahá'i religion started in Iran with " A handful of students, belonging to the Shaykhi school, sprung from the Ithna-'Ashariyyih sect of Shih'a Islam. " The faith was proclaimed by a … Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsai and, later, his disciple and successor, Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí both taught a doctrine which departed from orthodox Shi'a belief. The Baha'i Faith began in 1844 in Persia (now Iran), with the announcement of the new age by Baha'ullah's forerunner, known as the Bab ("The Door"). After the death of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí, Mulla Husayn set out to look for the Promised One. He founded a sect named Shaykhi and instructed his members to prepare for the coming of the Promised One of the Shi'ite tradition. In the late 18th century, a Shi'a Muslim called Shaykh Ahmad al Ahsai set out in search of the 'Promised One' from Islamic scriptures. The Bahá'í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. On the national scale, each year Bahāʾīs elect delegates to a national convention that elects a national spiritual assembly with jurisdiction over Bahāʾīs throughout an entire country. The Bahá'í faith was established in Iran, then called Persia, in the mid-nineteenth century. The Bahāʾīs use a calendar, established by the Bāb and confirmed by Bahāʾ Allāh, in which the year is divided into 19 months of 19 days each, with the addition of 4 intercalary days (5 in leap years). The expansion has not been without trouble and Bahá'í have been persecuted, particularly in Iran, the land where the faith began. The word of the day was international. These Manifestations include Abraham, Zoroaster, Moses, the Buddha, Krishna, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, the Bab, and the founder of the Baha’i Faith, Baha‘u’llah. Read more. The Bahá’í Faith is the youngest of the world’s independent religions. Centers of Learning The Baha’is of the United States operate three year-round conference and retreat centers that offer a wide range of programming for adults, youth and children. The great bulk of Bahāʾī teachings is concerned with social ethics. After he died, people followed `Abdu'l-Bahá. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Abdu'l-Bahá died in 1921 and was succeeded by his eldest grandson, Shoghi Effendi, who continued the missionary work of the faith, and further developed Bahá'í philosophy. His life as a prophet was spent in a series of exiles that culminated in Acre, where he wrote the Kitab-i-Aqdas, one of the key Bahá'í scriptures, as well as other spiritual works and letters. However, the last Shi'a Imam - the 12th in line - had withdrawn into hiding in 873, hoping to avoid the fate of his predecessors. Baha’is believe that God sends different prophets, or Manifestations of God, to reveal divine messages to humanity. Read more. "Glory" is a word that means "importance", "power", and "beauty". Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. House of Commons Hansard #25 of the 40th Parliament, 3rd Session. As Christianity was born out of Judaism and Buddhism grew out of Hinduism, the Bahá'í Faith has its roots in Shi'ite Islam. Mīrzā ʿAlī Moḥammad first proclaimed his beliefs in 1844 and assumed the title of the Bāb. The Baha'i Faith is a worldwide religion based on the teachings of Baha'u'llah (1817-1892). The Bahá'í faith has continued to expand, particularly in the third world, and now is the most widespread faith in the world after Christianity. Omissions? He was released in 1853 and exiled to Baghdad, where his leadership revived the Bābī community. Bahāʾīs believe in the oneness of humanity and devote themselves to the abolition of racial, class, and religious prejudices. Membership in the Bahāʾī community is open to all who profess faith in Bahāʾ Allāh and accept his teachings. Although the Bábí movement is separate from the Bahá'í Faith and should be treated so, Bahá'ís regard the Bábí movement as inextricably bound up with the origins of their own Faith and thus consider the start of the Bábí movement in … Before Bahāʾ Allāh died in 1892, he appointed his eldest son, ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ (1844–1921), to be the leader of the Bahāʾi community and the authorized interpreter of his teachings. In 1863, shortly before being moved by the Ottoman government to Constantinople (now Istanbul), Bahāʾ Allāh declared to his fellow Bābīs that he was the messenger of God foretold by the Bāb. The Baha’i faith started in the 19th century. They taught that Muhammad's successor was imminent. This body applies the laws promulgated by Bahāʾ Allāh and legislates on matters not covered in the sacred texts. One of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí's disciples was a man called Mulla Husayn - described as pure hearted and a seeker after truth. Bahāʾ Allāh’s peculiar function was to overcome the disunity of religions and establish a universal faith. It grew out of the Shi'ite branch of the Muslim faith. It was from this tradition that the Bahá'í religion emerged in the mid-19th century. I. The first two French Canadian Bahá’ís, Aimée (Montfort) Jaxon and Louis Bourgeois, enrolled in the Bahá’í Faith while outside Canada, both before 1907; likewise, Mr. Urbain Ledoux, living in New York City in the late 1910s, became a Bahá’í. New organizations are working to make Sault Ste. Marie a welcoming place where we appreciate the richness of each nationality, our customs and their talents. The members of the Hands of the Cause of God were appointed by Bahāʾ Allāh and Shoghi Effendi. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bahāʾī House of Worship, Wilmette, Illinois. He taught that the Promised One was already on earth and, shortly before his own death in 1843 urged fellow Shaykhis to scatter until the Promised One was revealed to them. Despite their apparent differences, the world’s great religions, according to the Bahāʾīs, teach an identical truth. Shi'a Muslims believe that it was the Prophet Muhammad's intention that his descendants inherit the spiritual and temporal leadership of the Muslim faith and that these leaders be called Imams (or leaders). Bahāʾ Allāh was subsequently confined by the Ottomans in Adrianople (now Edirne, Turkey) and then in Acre in Palestine (now ʿAkko, Israel). An interesting, very early, but indirect link between Guyana and the Faith is though Lady Sara Blomfield. ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ (left) and his grandson Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī, Haifa, Palestine (now in Israel), 1919. The faith was proclaimed by a … Bahāʾ Allāh was arrested in 1852 and jailed in Tehrān, where he became aware that he was the prophet and messenger of God whose coming had been predicted by the Bāb. The primary functions of both groups are to propagate the Bahāʾī Faith and protect the community. There also exist in the Bahāʾī Faith appointive institutions, such as the Hands of the Cause of God and the continental counselors. Bahāʾī Faith, religion founded in Iraq in the mid-19th century by Mīrzā Ḥosayn ʿAlī Nūrī, who is known as Bahāʾ Allāh (Arabic: “Glory of God”). Tahirih’s tireless work for the National Spiritual Assembly’s Office of Governmental Affairs brought her to Ottawa, and her devotion has landed her a position with the Baha’i International Community, a non-governmental organization (NGO) that both encompasses and represents the world-wide membership of the Bahá’í Faith. In the early 21st century there were nine Bahāʾī houses of worship: in Australia, Cambodia, Chile, Germany, India, Panama, Samoa, the United States, and Uganda. Baha'ullah was imprisoned and eventually exiled to the Turkish penal fortress of Akka, on the bay of Haifa in present-day Israel. 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