In the central area of China, the Yellow River was simply named as He (means river in modern Chinese) in early Chinese literature. In an interview with Time Magazine, Zhang said: “I wanted to photograph the river respectfully, it represents the root of the nation.” After the Yangzte River, the Yellow River is China’s second largest river and is approximately 3,400 miles long. China’s Yellow River, or Huang He, is the world’s muddiest. Past the gorges, near the city of Lanzhou in southeastern Gansu province, it leaves the Plateau of Tibet. Stretching some 5,475 kilometers (3,395 miles) from eastern Tibet to Bo Hai, the river travels through soft plateaus of silt, picking up a massive sediment load on its journey. Yellow River, China: see Huang He Huang He, Hwang Ho, or Yellow River, great river of N China, c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) long, rising in the twin lakes Gyaring and Ngoring in the Kunlun Mts., NW Qinghai prov..... Click the link for more information.. The plain is a great, nearly featureless alluvial fan broken only by the low hills of central Shandong; it was formed over some 25 million years as the Yellow River and other rivers deposited enormous quantities … By 11 a.m. Thursday, a total of 787.1 km of the river had frozen over, according to the Yellow River Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of Water Resources. In that stretch its fall is less than half a foot per mile (9 cm per km), and many of the channels have been developed over the millennia for irrigated agriculture. The river at first flows northeast for about 550 miles (880 km) through the sandy soils of the northern Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia and of the western Ordos Plateau. Flowing northeast to the Bo Hai Sea from the Bayan Har Mountains, the Yellow River crosses a plateau blanketed with up to 300 meters (980 feet) of fine, wind-blown soil. NASA Washington, DC, United States. Yellow River Museum This museum is currently closed due to construction of the Zhengzhou Subway, and will likely be closed for quite some time. The Yellow River, or Huang He, is the second longest river in China stretching almost 5500km through nine provinces, making it the sixth longest river in the world.Its nickname, the "Mother River", is apt as these snaking waters have sustained Chinese civilizations since ancient times. The river rises in southern Qinghai province on the Plateau of Tibet and crosses six other provinces and two autonomous regions in its course to the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), an embayment of the Yellow Sea of the North Pacific Ocean. The river then gradually widens, notably after receiving the waters of its two longest tributaries—first the Fen River of Shanxi province and then the Wei River of Shaanxi. BEIJING, Jan. 7 (Xinhua) -- Almost 800 km of China's Yellow River has frozen as cold waves sweep over northern parts of the country. The Yellow River or Huang He is the "mother river of China". China will beef up efforts to safeguard the Yellow River by establishing a working mechanism that delivers both ecological protection and high-quality development, a … In Qinghai area, where its source is, the river's Tibetan name is "River of the Peacock". The Yellow River is the most important water resource for the dry north of China, playing an irreplaceable role in economic development, and agriculture. With a length of 3,395 miles (5,464 km), it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China, with an area of some 290,000 square miles (750,000 square km). Portion of the Huang He (Yellow River) at Lanzhou, Gansu province, northwestern China. The Yellow River is also known as the "cradle of Chinese civilization" or the "Mother River." The broad highlands of the upper course rise 1,000 to 1,700 feet (300 to 500 metres) above the river and its tributaries. The name "Yellow River" comes from the huge amounts of "yellow" loess sediment it carries when flowing through the Loess Plateau. Yellow River synonyms, Yellow River pronunciation, Yellow River translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. The river has cut at least six terraces across the plateau, which rise to more than 1,600 feet (500 metres) above the present river level. The average fall in that stretch is slightly more than 1 foot per mile (20 cm per km) and becomes increasingly rapid in the last 100 miles (160 km) before the river reaches the North China Plain at the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province. Yellow River - Yellow River - The lower course: Downstream from Zhengzhou the Yellow River broadens out to flow through Henan and Shandong provinces across the North China Plain. The Yellow River flows through the city. The highlands consist of crystalline rocks that are sometimes visible as eroded outcroppings on the surface. Top attractions of the Yellow River include forest parks, deserts, grasslands, the Loess Plateau, ancient capitals, and a "chocolate" waterfall. The Yellow River is 5,464 kilometers (3,398 miles) long, stretching west–east 1900 km (1,180 miles), and meandering north–south 1,100 km (684 miles). & Referral Program. Usually a source of rich fertile soil and irrigation … The headwaters of this mighty river lie in Kunlun Mountains in northwestern Qinghai Province. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Is China the most densely populated country on Earth? Along the Yellow River, there are numerous historic and ancient attractions, and stunning scenery. Read more on Yellow River Attractions. Test the density—or sparsity—of your knowledge of China in this quiz. The longest dry period lasted 226 days in 1997. As of late 2015 there are no plans, so far as I know, for opening it again at this site, or at least opening it any time soon. Known as the mother river by all the Chinese people, the 5,464-kilometer (about 3,395 miles) Yellow River is the second longest in China after the Yangtze River . The easily eroded loess soil accounts for the instability of the riverbed both in the middle basin, where the erosion is considerable, and on the plain, where deposition builds up the channel bed. It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. Most of the middle course is cut through the Loess Plateau, which extends eastward from the Plateau of Tibet to the North China Plain at elevations ranging between 3,000 and 7,000 feet (900 and 2,100 metres). The mighty Yellow River has earned the name “China’s sorrow” for its tendency to flood, with devastating consequences, over the centuries. Spells of cold wind had iced up the 121-kilometer-long section of the Yellow River in Baotou City, north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, as of December 18, 12 days earlier than last year. The Yellow River is the second longest river in China, the main river in north China, and the cradle of Chinese civilization as the Nile is cradle of Egyptian civilization. The loess strata reach thicknesses of 160 to 200 feet (50 to 60 metres) and in some places as much as 500 feet (150 metres). their way. Between 608 BC and 1938 AD, the Yellow River changed course 26 times, and flooded over 1,500 times. The government is taking measures to deal with Yellow River pollution, such as setting limits on the volume of major pollutants discharged into rivers and lakes, and controlling overuse of water resources. The city of Lanzhou, in northwestern China, has also become more environment-friendly. For thousands of years, the Yellow River has been admired by great poets, artists, and common people. Yellow River (Huang He), eastern Qinghai province, China. Omissions? It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. The Yellow River in that region flows generally from west to east. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Does China have about half of the world’s population? The river has three stages of which different scholars have given variant opinions on the division of these stages. Stream songs including "Song of the Yellow River Boatman", "Ode to the Yellow River… The Yellow River basin has an enormous population—exceeded by only a small number of countries—and the river and its tributaries flow past some of China’s oldest cities, including Lanzhou, Baotou, Xi’an (Sian), Taiyuan, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, and Jinan. At the confluence with the Wei, the Yellow River turns sharply to the east for another 300 miles (480 km) as it flows through inaccessible gorges between the Zhongtiao and eastern Qin (Tsinling) mountains. Since 1960 over 14 dams have been constructed on the river for hydroelectric power, which is vital to northern China's infrastructure. It originates in on Tibet-Qinghai plateau — like the Yangtze, China's largest … The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Yellow River, China synonyms, Yellow River, China pronunciation, Yellow River, China translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River, China. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge The Yellow River’s upper reaches begin at its source in the Bayan Har Mountains and ends Hekou Town in Inner Mongolia. The Yellow River (Huang He) basin and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) basin and their drainage networks. Yellow River, Chinese (Pinyin) Huang He or (Wade-Giles romanization) Huang Ho, also spelled Hwang Ho, English Yellow River, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. The terraces, formed over the past 2.5 million years, provide an important record of landscape evolution and ancient environmental change in the region. What's worse, the river has been abused. A research group in China has found that industrial pollution and urban sewage has made one-third of the water in the Yellow River unusable. The Yellow River then turns sharply to the south and flows for about 445 miles (715 km), forming the border between Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces. The middle course of the Yellow River, extending more than 1,800 miles (2,900 km), consists of a great loop and drains an area of about 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km). It has become so polluted in some reaches that it is unfit for agricultural and industrial use, because of the huge increase in factory and sewage discharges from China's fast-expanding cities. Aerial footage of the Yellow River (Huang He) at Linfen, Shanxi province, and of the Hukou Falls, which form the border between Shanxi (at Linfen) and Shaanxi (at Yan'an) provinces, China. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. But in recent years, with the treatment of the Yellow River, tourists are coming for one more purpose: to see the "green" Yellow River. In its upper reaches the river crosses two large bodies of water, Lakes Ngoring and Gyaring. Before damming, it was extremely prone to flooding, and had caused millions of deaths, including the deadliest disaster in human history. Along the Yellow River, there are many worthwhile attractions and many tourist cities, such as Lanzhou, Zhongwei, Yinchuan, Baotou, Yan'an, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, and Kaifeng.Â. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Yellow-River, Social Studies for Kids - The Huang He River, China, Huang He - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Huang He (Yellow River) - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). China’s Huang He (Yellow River) is the most sediment-filled river on Earth. Down to the Inner Mongolia, is has a name of Ȟatan Gol, means “the yellow river”, though originally, in Mongolian, the Yellow River of this section was called the "Black River", as it ran clear prior to its entry onto the Loess Plateau. The Yellow River is also called "China's Sorrow". Explore connections. The underlying rock systems are covered with thick layers of loose soils, consisting mainly of wind-deposited sand and loess. Contact us and we can tailor-make a tour with the Yellow River and any other places you are interested in. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. In its lower reaches it is a shifting, turbulent, silt-laden stream that often overflows its banks and sends floodwaters across the North China Plain. Drought in the Yellow River region has brought serious challenges to agricultural development and the cities near the Yellow River. This segment of the river is 2,157 miles long. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. It runs through nine provinces and autonomous regions on its way to the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River is often called the cradle of Chinese civilization. Yellow River, also called Huang He, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. Yellow River Dam, Henan Province China - Planet Labs satellite image.jpg 4,080 × 3,060; 1.86 MB Yellow River Delta Animation.gif 800 × 534; 1.45 MB Yellow river jinan after rain.jpg 3,264 × … Almost all Chinese agree that the Yellow River Basin was the cradle of Chinese Civilization. China has had the good fortune to have two great rivers: the Yangtze and the Yellow River (or Huang He). It has many rapids there, and in a number of places it narrows. Senior Scientist, State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg. With broad river area, Yellow River is not the only name it got. The fi… The river’s width usually does not exceed 150 to 200 feet (45 to 60 metres) in that section, as it cuts through narrow gorges with steep slopes several hundred feet (above 100 metres) in height. The river then turns eastward and flows for another 500 miles (800 km) through alluvial plains in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in places branching into numerous distributary channels. With a length of 3,395 miles, it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China (about 290,000 square miles). Yellow River, China 1994-09-30. In China, people sometimes refer to the Yellow River as the River of Sorrow or the Scourge of the Sons of Han. The upper course drains a basin covering about 48,000 square miles (124,000 square km), consisting chiefly of inaccessible, highly mountainous, sparsely populated terrain with a cold climate. 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